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THUJA
ARBORVITAE


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Koraiensis
Korean Arborvitae


Intermediate
Prostrate
Zone 6
'PROSTRATA' This is a nice fast growing selection that grows to about 2 feet high and 6 feet wide in 10 or 12 years. Real nice replacement for the groundcover Juniper.

Occidentalis
American Arborvitae


Thuja occidentalis or American Arborvitae, which is also called White Cedar, is native to Eastern North America from S.E. Manitoba south to North Carolina and is often found in cold swamps or bogs. It will grow into a tree of about 20 meters high with a conical crown. It has given us many nice cultivars for the landscape and we will concentrate on a few of the more dwarf ones. It is thought to have been introduced into France in 1534 by the Cartier expedition of North America.

Miniature
Globose
Zone 3
'HETZ MIDGET' A nice green compact globe with lace-like sprays of foliage. Quite slow growing with annual growth being only about 1 inch. It originated in 1928 from a seedling in Fairview Nurseries of Fairview, PA, and introduced to the trade in 1942. A great choice for the Japanese, Rock or Dwarf Conifer Garden. H:1' W:1'

Intermediate
Upright
Zone 3
'MALONYANA' Here we have a quite narrow columnar selection that will grow to about 10-12 meters high. It is densely branched and has pleasant shiny green foliage. It originated in Malonya, Hungary (know known as Mlynany, Czech Republic) in the garden of Count Ambrozy-Migazzi sometime around 1913. It is a wonderful selection that will make a fantastic screen or hedge. Still very rare in the North American landscapes.

Intermediate
Upright
Zone 3
'MALONYANA AUREA' This new cultivar is extremely rare. We are very fortunate to have located this one. It has a growth habit similar to Thuja occidentalis 'Malonyana' but it has this excellent golden yellow color. We can hardly grow enough to satisfy demand.

Intermediate
Weeping
Zone 3
'PENDULA' Weeping Arborvitae. This variety has an irregular weeping habit and blue-green needles in summer turning more gray-green in winter. Developed before 1862 by Standish Nursery of England. It can eventually reach a height of 15 feet and is not a dwarf, but is nice just the same.
To see a larger photo (44k) click on the one above.

Dwarf
Upright
Zone 3
'SNOWTIP' This is a nice creamy-white variegated upright version of the T. occidentalis. A recent introduction, so size and habit information are not available, but it is a medium-slow grower. RARE!
To see a larger photo (63k) click on the one above.

Miniature
Globose
Zone 3
'TINY TIM' This miniature, globose form is very slow growing and will grow to about 16" wide and 12" high in 8-10 years. Very finely branched. Raised as a seedling by Little Tree Farm, Canada and introduced to the trade by Bulk & Company Nursery, Boskoop, Holland around 1965.
To see a larger photo (33k) click on the one above.


Intermediate
Upright
Zone 3
'YELLOW RIBBON' This selection has great golden-yellow foliage and a nice pyramidal growth habit. It will attain 8-10'high and only 2-3' wide in about 10 years making a nice vertical statement in any landscape.

Hybrid..........standishi x plicata


Large
Upright
Zone ?
'GREEN GIANT' Is a tall fast growing upright evergreen with a tightly pyramidal to conical growth habit. The foliage is a very nice glossy rich green that even looks exceptional during the winter. There is one at the U.S. National Arboretum that when it was 30 years old it was 30 feet high. This selection will tolerate a wide variety of soil conditions from heavy clay to even sandy loams. There are no significant pest or disease problems making this selection a fantastic alternative to Leyland cypress. It was introduced in 1967 to the U. S. National Arboretum by D.T. Poulsen of Kvistgaard, Denmark as T. (standishi x plicata), and renamed by Don Shadow after much confusion in the trade with Thuja occidentalis 'Giganteoides'. Anyway, it is a wonderful choice for a screen or background plant or even as a specimen and is becoming very popular.

Plicata
Western Red Cedar


Intermediate
Upright
Zone 5
'DOONE VALLEY' This one originated on Exmoor in Somerset, UK, as a selection by R. S. Corley and was introduced by Hillier in 1970. It is golden-bronze sport from Thuja plicata 'Stoneham Gold' with the foliage being similar to Thuja p. 'Cuprea' or 'Rogersii'. The habit is that of a slow-growing conical bush with an upright habit.

Intermediate
Upright
Zone 5
'GELDERLAND' This one is a great hedging variety selected and widely used in Holland. It has darker green foliage than Thuja p. 'Atrovirens' and somewhat thicker and more bushy. It comes from Leen Konijn in Ederveen in the Netherlands and was found about 1986.

Dwarf
Broad-conical
Zone 5
'GRUNE KUGEL' Here is a new selection from Eschrich Nursery in Germany. It has a nice dwarf compact habit that looks like it will become a broad cone-shaped plant. It is a nice green with very little bronzing in the winter. After ten years it will be about 60 cm high.

Intermediate
Upright
Zone 5
'GREEN SPORT' Here is another selection from Don Smith of Watnong Nursery in NJ. It was named in 1968. A nice green upright grower that will turn bronze in the winter.

Intermediate
Upright
Zone 5
'SUNSHINE' Here is a nice cultivar with a yellow color on the foliage that doesn't burn in full sun. The tips hang down gracefully, almost pendulous providing one with a very relaxing feeling.

Large
Upright
Zone 5
'VIRESCENS' A narrow upright form with dark green shiny foliage all year. It is a fast growing cultivar with a wonderful texture and color in a mixed conifer planting or as a specimen. This one is an improved selection of the Western Red Cedar with a darker green color even throughout the winter. It is becoming very popular for use as a hedge or screen due to its toughness and adaptability to a wide range of conditions. Virescens makes a great replacement for the Leyland cypress. Prefers full sun or partial shade and a moist well-drained clay or loam soil.

Please prune the dwarf Blue Spruce to return to the top.

�1997-2009
All rights reserved.
All photos copyright by Jim Smith and may not be used in any manner without the authors written consent.
372 Seeley-Cohansey Rd Bridgeton, NJ 08302
856.451.2259    
fax: 856.451.2442





GROWTH
PER YEAR


Miniature........
less than 3"

Dwarf............
3-6"

Intermediate.....
6-12"

Large............
more than 12"