With more Photos!
Please click on logo to return to catalog
Japanese Temple Cedar
In the genus Cryptomeria there is only one species and that
is C. japonica or Japanese Temple Cedar. It occurs natively
in Japan; in Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu, and also in China at 500
to 6000 feet elevation. It was discovered by Kaempfer in Japan in
1692 and by Cunningham in China in 1701. It was introduced into England first
in 1842 by Sir Edward Hume (all specimens died) and again in 1844 from China
By R. Fortune and again in 1879 from Japan by Maries (Veitch
Nursery). It is a conical tree 40-60 meters (130-190 feet) tall with
cinnamon-red brown bark that peels in long thin strips. The branches
are outspread or ascending and have sickle-shaped needles that are
dark green. In Japan this species is an important tree for timber
production and the dwarf cultivars are very popular for use as ornamentals.
We currently are growing 8 cultivars and all need some protection from
the cold dry winter winds in colder climates.
'BLACK DRAGON' This is a nice compact grower. The habit is pyramidal with a nice deep green foliage in the spring turning darker during the summer. Prefers full sun. A recent introduction.
'COMPRESSA' This cultivar was introduced by J. Blaauw & Co., Boskoop, Netherlands in 1949. It has a nice compact and tidy globose form. The tight dense foliage is a nice blue-green in summer turning to a bright pink-red-bronze in the winter. It is very slow growing and will only grow about 1" per year. A fantastic selection for the patio garden.
'ELEGANS NANA' This is a low spreading Cryptomeria with a dense
habit. The color is a rich blue-green in summer and the typical bronze
coloration in winter. Hardier than most of the Cryptomerias.
'GLOBOSA' This very nice selection has a superb globose habit that is
slightly wider than high and not over five foot high. It is quite hardy and
has a very neat, uniform appearance with blue-green foliage. It was introduced
into the trade in 1942 and developed by P. Lombarts of Zundert, Holland.
To see a larger photo (47k) click on small one.
'LOBBI NANA' Temple Cedar. This dwarf, pyramidal variety
is compact and densely branched. It is covered with glossy dark green foliage.
This selection is a tree and not a dwarf shrub. The height will be about 6-7'
in ten years.
NANA' The Dwarf Japanese Cedar is a dwarf rounded form that has
dark green needle-like leaves in summer turning a copper bronze in
winter. This could be C. japonica 'Pygmea. It was imported from
China to England somewhere around 1846. H:2' W:2'
'SEKKAN SUGI' This nice upright selection with gold to chartreuse-green
foliage that weeps on the ends is a great tree. It will make a great specimen
plant or screen. It should be grown in full sun for best color and protect it
from strong wind in winter. Introduced by F. J. Grootendorst.
To see a larger photo (30k) click on small one.
'SPIRALIS' It has broadly pyramidal habit when mature and yet it is
prostrate when young. The foliage is tightly twisted around the branchlets
and is bright green. It looks like a piece of spiral pasta called fusilli. An excellent
ornamental that was imported to Holland from Japan around 1800. Partial
shade is best.
To see a larger photo (37k) click on small one.
'TENSAN' This is one of the smallest Cryptomeria I have ever seen. It is a very diminutive bun-shaped plant with light green very short needles. It will only grow about � inch per year.
VILMORINIANA' This little globular shrub with a rich green tightly
held bundle of compacted foliage makes an excellent rockery conifer. It also
works very well in decorative patio planters. It will grow nicely in either
sun or partial shade. Introduced in 1890 from Japan by Vilmorin. The size
in ten years should be around 20" high and 15" wide.
To see a larger photo (41k) click on small one.
'YOSHINO' Excellent choice. This variety was
selected as one of the top plants by the Pennsylvania Horticultural
Society. This is one of the faster growing Japanese Cedars and it has a
nice columnar growth habit. Excellent for a screen or tall hedge or as a
specimen. It has survived -9 degree temperatures in New Jersey in
containers with no problem.
|Pennsylvania Horticultural Society Gold Medal Plant Award
Please prune the dwarf Blue Spruce to return to the top.
All rights reserved.
All photos copyright by Jim Smith and may not be used in any manner without the authors written consent.
372 Seeley-Cohansey Rd Bridgeton, NJ 08302