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CEDRUS
CEDAR

Above is a photo of a 2 year old cone from Cedrus libani
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This genus contains from two to five species depending on the information source. All are very similar and distinguishable by having branchlets of two types- long terminal shoots bearing scattered leaves, or short spur-like shoots with leaves in false whorls, making them resemble Larches. The needle-like leaves are evergreen (unlike the Larches) and persist for anywhere from 3 to 6 years. Some taxonomic sources list Cedrus atlantica and C. brevifolia as varieties of the species C. libani, to simplify things I have kept them separate. They are all native to the mountains of the southern and southeastern Mediterranean area and the western Himalayas. This genus includes some excellent ornamental selections and are so widely grown because of their cultural requirements. They prefer a well drained loamy soil but will tolerate heavy clay if it is not to wet. We are currently growing 3 species; C. atlantica, Atlas Cedar; C. deodara, Deodar Cedar; C. libani the Cedar of Lebanon.

Atlantica
Atlas Cedar


Cedrus atlantica known as the Atlantic or Atlas Cedar grows to about 40 meters (140 feet) high with a loose open habit, pyramidal crown, and branches always steeply ascending. It is native to North Africa; the Atlas Mountains in Algeria and Morocco. It was introduced into Europe in 1839 and is widely grown as an ornamental throughout the world and even used in France for timber production in areas with poor soil. A few of the most popular varieties are:

Intermediate
Upright
Zone 6
'AUREA ROBUSTA' The Golden Atlas Cedar. This tree has a beautiful golden frosting on its attractive gray-green needles making this variety very popular. The branching structure is ascending when young, as a more mature tree the branches tend to grow horizontally and the whole tree becomes denser. The shape is broadly pyramidal in old age. Also this species is makes a great selection because it is drought tolerant. It is slower growing than the typical Atlas Cedar. Originated in Boskoop, Holland, before 1900. The size in ten years will be about 6-8' high and 2-3' wide. A really good choice!
To see two larger photos (53ktotal) click on small one.

NEW!
Large
Upright
Zone 6
FASTIGIATA� There is much confusion in the industry concerning the correct naming of this cultivar and it seems we have both a blue-grey and a grey-green selection. Keeping that in mind the grey green one will be called �Fastigiata� from now on and the blue-grey one will be �Glauca Fastigiata�. They both have the excellent stronlgy ascending branching habit and are fantastic choices when something is needed for a very narrow area. H:15�

Large
Upright
Zone 6
'GLAUCA' Known as the Blue Atlas Cedar. This pretty bluish -white tree is thinly branched and columnar while young. In maturity it grows broader and much denser. Very popular. The size in ten years is around 10' high and 2-3' wide.

Large
Upright
Zone 6
'GLAUCA FASTIGIATA' This is the great Fastigiate Blue Atlas Cedar. It will keep its narrow pyramid or columnar shape, densely branched, with nice upward facing branches. Does not develop the round -topped semi-spreading habit when mature. It comes to us from France before 1890. The height will be 14' high and 6' wide in ten years.

Large
Pendulous
Zone 6
'GLAUCA PENDULA' The famous Weeping Blue Atlas Cedar. This one has branches that are gracefully pendulous with fantastic powder- blue color. H:/W: will depend on training. It looks great when staked upright and then allowed to flow downward like a stream over a waterfall. It originated in Chatenay, France, before 1900. Very popular in modern landscaping.
To see a larger photo click on small one.

Intermediate
Upright
Zone 6
HORSTMANN� This new variety is a great release from the late Gunter Horstmann of Germany. It is a plant that will grow slower than Cedrus atlanticaGlauca� and has an excellent color of powder blue.


Deodara
Deodar or Himalayan Cedar


The species Cedrus deodara, also known as the Deodar Cedar, Indian Cedar and Himalayan Cedar grows to about 60 meters (185 feet) with a trunk reaching 3 meters in diameter and having gracefully drooping branches (differing from C. atlantica). The native range is Afghanistan, northwest Pakistan, and north India, even though it thrives from 5500 to 10000 feet elevation it is only hardy through zone 6. Deodar is a name in India for certain trees associated with temples. It can usually be distinguished from other Cedars because it is softer in appearance, more graceful, has longer needles (1 1/2") and a more pendulous, whip-like leader.

Large
Pyramidal
Zone 7
'AUREA PENDULA' The Golden Deodar Cedar is a fast growing pyramidal shaped tree with long, soft golden-yellow needles in spring becoming yellowish-green in fall. The habit includes nice drooping branches and a pyramidal overall shape. It has been in cultivation since around 1866. The size in ten years should be somewhere around 10' high and 4-6' wide.
To see a larger photo click on small one.

Miniature
Mounding
Zone 7
'BLUE BALL' This is a Blue Sterling introduction of a very low growing globe-shaped Deodar Cedar that has excellent bluish-grey color. The size of the original plant after 15 years is only 30" high and 36" wide. A real GEM!
To see a larger photo (30k) click on small one.

Intermediate
Pyramidal
Zone 7
'CREAM PUFF' Here is a great variegated dwarf cone shaped plant with nice white tips. Very attractive as an accent plant. It can be sheared to keep it in small places if necessary. Quite rare and very difficult to find. For best color place in full sun. Height:6' Width :4' in 10 years. Great selection.
To see a larger photo (30k) click on small one.

Miniature
Mounding
Zone 6
'DEVINELY BLUE' This selection was named by Don Howse of Porterhowse Nursery for Bill Devine of Maryland and has nice blue-green to powder- blue needles. It will grow about as high as it does wide and keep a relatively flat top. This creates a very nice visual image in the landscape. It is a very slow grower with only about 2-3" a year.
To see a larger photo (27k) click on small one.

Large
Prostrate
Zone 7
'PROSTRATA' The Prostrate Deodar Cedar has a very flat ground-hugging habit that looks great cascading over rock walls or it can be staked up a foot or more to create an even more interesting effect.

Intermediate
conical
Zone 7
'SILVER MIST' The Silver Mist Deodar Cedar is one of our hottest selling plants. This intermediate growing selection is a new introduction from British Columbia, Canada. It has a very nice dense, conical habit with slightly drooping branches and it only grows about 6 inches a year. The soft, whitish needles are resistant to burning even in full sun. What more could you possibly ask for? This one is truely a winner!!!
To see a larger photo (40k) click on small one.

Libani
Cedar of Lebanon


The last species we grow is Cedrus libani better known as the Cedar of Lebanon. It is famous for both its Biblical and historical associations and has been in cultivation for about 400 years in western Europe. It is native to Turkey, Syria, and Lebanon and is found at an elevation of between 4300 and 10000 feet. It is a narrowly pyramidal tree 24-40 meters (78 to 130 feet) tall with a pointed crown that becomes irregular and flat-topped with age. It can live to 1500 years and the oldest specimen still in cultivation in England was from around 1638. This species has produced many nice forms and some of the best dwarf types for the landscape.

Miniature
Irregular
Zone 6
'GREEN PRINCE' A very, very slow growing form of the magnificent old Cedar of Lebanon. Superb in the dwarf garden areas of todays smaller landscapes. Also frequently used as a bonsai due to its annual growth rate of less than 1 inch.

Intermediate
Pendulous
Zone 6
'PENDULA' The Weeping Cedar of Lebanon This quite dense, slow growing plant has weeping branches with greenish-blue needles. Must be staked to attain the desired height since it will not produce a leader. Has been in cultivation since 1850. Rare. H:/W: depend on training.

Intermediate
Prostrate
Zone 6
'SARGENTI' Sargent's Cedar of Lebanon A nice prostrate to low mounding form that originated in the Arnold Arboretum in 1919. If staked upright it will develop a real nice downward flowing skirt. Unique.

var. stenacoma

Intermediate
Prostrate
Zone 5?
var. stenacoma This tree has short dark greenish-gray needles and a conical habit when young. With maturity the habit becomes more columnar and the branches have tips that nod slightly. The clone was brought into the trade by Hesse. It is more frost hardy than the libani as a species. I have seen it in the Harper Collection in Michigan where it is 25 years old and has survived temperatures of -25 below 0 (F).
To see a larger photo click on small one.

Please prune the dwarf Blue Spruce to return to the top.

�1997-2009
All rights reserved.
All photos copyright by Jim Smith and may not be used in any manner without the authors written consent.
372 Seeley-Cohansey Rd Bridgeton, NJ 08302
856.451.2259    
fax: 856.451.2442





GROWTH
PER YEAR


Miniature........
less than 3"

Dwarf............
3-6"

Intermediate.....
6-12"

Large............
more than 12"